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50 Interesting Facts About Diabetes

50 diabetic factsThere are always lots of things to discover about this disease. As you know, informed means armed. This article will reveal 50 interesting facts about diabetes mellitus that you might have never heard about.

  • The first written record of a disease with symptoms suggesting diabetes mellitus dates back to 1500 B.C. Namely, in the Ebers papyrus, one can find descriptions of several mixtures aimed at treating polyurea.
  • If you’re a woman, you’re lucky. The risk of dying because of diabetes is higher in men than in women.
  • Diabetes mellitus takes the sixth place in the list of death causes in the USA according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Nauru, Bahrain, and Kuwait are the countries with the highest percentage of people suffering from diabetes.
  • More than one million amputations annually are caused by diabetes.
  • 35 million diabetic patients live in India. This number is expected to increase up to 70 million by 2025, which will make one fifth of all people with diabetes in the world.
  • Every 10 seconds someone dies from causes related to diabetes. Diabetes kills 3.5 million people in the world every year.
  • According to the World Health Organization, the disease rates have reached the level of epidemic. 80% of all new cases of diabetes are predicted to occur in the developing countries by 2025.
  • At the moment, approximately 12 million men and 11.5 million women in the USA have diabetes mellitus.
  • 44% of all kidney failure cases are caused by diabetes.
  • For each 500 US residents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus there is only one donor pancreas.
  • The risk of dying from heart failure increases when you have diabetes.
  • 80% of deaths among diabetic patients are caused by blocked blood vessels and deadened nerves.
  • Each two hours spent in front of TV increase the risk of developing diabetes.
  • Today, insulin used by diabetic patients is made in laboratories from bacteria and yeast. 90 years ago, people with diabetes had to use bovine and porcine insulin.
  • The cost of diabetes in the US makes 200 billion dollars each year. This includes direct costs like hospitalization, amputations, and insulin, as well as indirect costs caused by disability, loss of productivity and retirement of diabetic patients.
  • In 7% of pregnancies in USA, gestational diabetes is diagnosed.
  • Smoking increases the risk of diabetes by influencing the cardiovascular system and cells’ sensitivity to insulin.
  • About 16 million of US residents have pre-diabetes. Not all of them are aware of the condition.
  • Breastfeeding a baby for three months and more decreases the risk of Type 1 diabetes in childhood and obesity in adulthood.
  • If you have pancreatitis, fibrosis, haemochromatosis, or Cushing’s syndrome, you run an increased risk of developing diabetes.
  • About 10% of all people suffering from diabetes live in the United States.
  • According to statistics, percentage of diabetes cases among US military veterans is almost three times higher than in general population.
  • Diabetes takes five to ten years from your life expectancy.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of flu/pneumonia complications. Up to 30 thousand people with diabetes die from flu and pneumonia each year.
  • In the XXIst century, injected insulin may be replaced with inhaled or oral insulin.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of gingivitis, which often leads to tooth loss.
  • Inherited genetic syndromes like myotonic syndrome or Down’s syndrome increase the risk of developing diabetes mellitus.
  • People with pear-shaped body face smaller risk of developing diabetes in comparison with those having an apple-shaped body.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of erectile dysfunction. Besides, this problem occurs in diabetic patients 10-15 years earlier than in healthy men.
  • Half of elderly people with diabetes are unaware of their condition.
  • Adolescent girls with Type 1 diabetes mellitus are at higher risk of developing various eating disorders.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • White children develop Type 1 diabetes more often than children of other races.
  • The main cause of blindness in US residents aged between 20 and 74 is diabetes mellitus. 90% of these cases can be prevented by early diagnose and treatment.
  • Not only people can have diabetes mellitus. Such animals as cats, ferrets, horses, foxes, ground squirrels, dolphins, and hippos can also suffer from this disease.
  • Diabetes-caused amputations in men are registered more often than in women. Besides, such amputations rates are higher in African-American diabetics than in the whites. Annually, 86 thousand amputations of the lower limb are carried out in diabetic patients.
  • About one third of all elderly African-American women have diabetes.
  • African-Americans and Hispanics run a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes than the whites.
  • Diabetes mellitus may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 90% of all diabetic patients are obese.
  • The word insulin comes from the Latin word insula, which means island. This is because this hormone is produced by the ?-cells on the Islets of Langerhans in pancreas.
  • Before insulin was discovered, diabetic patients were often recommended to keep to an extremely restricted diet.
  • The link between pancreas and diabetes was discovered accidentally in 1889, when Oskar Minkowski found that his dog started suffering from diabetes after pancreatectomy.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of developing vaginal infections due to high blood sugar levels.
  • Menstrual problems in girls with diabetes increase the risk of hyperglycaemia and diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Eating cooked oatmeal at least two times a week decreases the risk of developing diabetes by 16%. More than five servings of cooked oatmeal per week give a 39% decrease of this risk.
  • The oldest test on diabetes is tasting the urine. Sweet urine suggests elevated blood sugar levels.
  • Diabetes influences the menstrual and ovulation cycles, as well as impacts female sexual desire.
  • 60-70% of diabetic patients have a certain form of neurological disorders.

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