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Diabetes and Mouth Care

Diabetes and Mouth Care

Give No Way to Diabetes Complications

Those who think that diabetes is not a serious disease are deeply wrong. It’s obviously better to take control over the situation as soon as possible, not missing a single evidence of the disease. When your blood glucose levels are too high for a continuous period of time, all aspects of health can be seriously affected, including dental health. If you strive to live a life free from unpleasant and dangerous complications of diabetes, add our tips to your armoring!

Can It Really Damage My Teeth?

Both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes may seriously damage gums and teeth causing a variety of dental diseases. This is because people with diabetes mellitus have elevated blood sugar levels, regardless of the specific diabetes type. When the disease is badly managed, the risk of developing serious dental diseases increases just like the blood sugar levels. To fully realize the danger, simply take a look at the list of diseases that occur when a person with diabetes gives no due attention to mouth care:

  • Tooth decay. As you might know it from numerous commercials, tooth decay is caused by the destructive action of acids in the plaque that naturally forms on the surface of your teeth. Plaque appears in the result of interaction of mouth bacteria with sugars and starches that you get from foods and beverages. The higher your blood sugar levels are, the more plaque forms, and thus the quicker plaque acids destroy your teeth.
  • Gingivitis. This early gum disease is basically the inflammation of the gingiva (the part of your gums that lies closely to the teeth), which makes the gums seriously swollen and causes bleeding. Diabetes mellitus increases the chances of developing this disease, as the ability of your body to fight bacteria is not as strong as in healthy people. In the result, more plaque appears on your teeth. When the amounts of plaque on teeth grow rapidly, and when it is not removed by regular flossing and brushing, the plaque hardens and turn into calculus – a substance too hard to be removed by brushing the teeth. Calculus irritates the gingivia causing gingivitis.
  • Periodontitis. Periodontitis, an advanced gum disease, appears when the inflammation affects periodontium, which refers to the tissues that support the teeth. When these tissues are seriously inflamed, they are gradually destroyed, as well as the alveolar bone that surrounds the teeth. This leads to loosening and loss of teeth. People suffering from diabetes mellitus are more likely to develop periodontitis, as the body is more susceptible to infections and heels the wounds slower. What is more, untreated periodontitis affects blood sugar levels making it harder to control the disease.

Of course, these dental problems may develop in any person, whether he/she has diabetes or not. Nevertheless, weak self-protective abilities of a body with diabetes and constant problems with blood sugar levels make diabetes even more dangerous and place great responsibility on diabetic patients.

Proper Mouth Care for Diabetics

Good mouth care is an inalienable part of diabetes management, and you should understand that both processes are interdependent. You can’t successfully manage your diabetes if you pay no attention to the health of your mouth and teeth. Similarly, it’s practically impossible to achieve total mouth health without proper management of diabetes. This is especially important for people with Type 2 diabetes, though shouldn’t be ignored by people with Type 1 diabetes either. Untreated dental diseases, especially severe inflammatory ones that damage the connective tissues and the bone, cause insulin resistance and make it really hard to control the blood glucose levels. Even when you strictly follow your diet, exercise program, and treatment regimen, you will gain full control over the levels of glucose in blood only after getting rid of all problems with teeth.

So, what should you do? These are the things you should do every day:

  1. Brush your teeth twice a day for about 2-3 minutes.
  2. Use the dental floss once a day.
  3. Use an antiseptic or prescribed mouthwash after brushing and flossing your teeth in order to destroy the bacteria that may trigger a disease.

Besides, use the following recommendations, and your dental health, as well as your health in general, will not disturb you:

  • Tell your dentist about your diabetes and ask for specific recommendations concerning dental care. You might need to provide the dentist with the latest results of your blood glucose tests and with the details on your treatment so that your mouth care could be adjusted to your health condition.
  • If you notice any problems with your teeth or gums, visit the doctor as soon as possible. The sooner you treat the disease with medicine or surgery, the less risk of advanced dental diseases and high blood sugar levels you will face.
  • Strictly follow your diabetes management plan to keep your blood sugar levels under control and enhance the general state of health.

Following these simple rules is not that hard, isn’t it? In any way, preventing the problem is much easier than solving it!

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