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Diabetic Foot: Never Forget to Have the Eye on the Feet!

Diabetic Foot A diabetic foot is a foot disease that is caused by diabetes or any one of the long-term diabetic complication. Simultaneous occurrence of several diabetes food pathologies is known as diabetic foot syndrome.

Diabetes that is known for its influence on the blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, and eyes damages the general ability of the organism to fight infections. It means that immune system is nearly destroyed in those cases when diabetes is not yet revealed or not controlled. Foot problems occur rapidly and quickly become extremely serious.

The main fact about diabetic foot is that any single person can hardly feel the feet. Moreover, the sweat secretion is worsened so that the pressure on the skin, bones and joints become more serious, so that the skin can even tear of the foot. Damaged blood vessels make it extremely difficult to heal any kind of wound that occurs. The bacteria infection that precedes leads to the further infection of the bones and connected muscle tissues. This infection develops into gangrene, which is cured with much difficulty and in most cases results in leg or foot amputation. Occasionally, the infection spread over the whole human organism becomes of the life threatening nature.

People who suffer from diabetes should beware of the tiniest signs of the disease, so that anyone is to know how to prevent the possible problems with the feet or how to foresee the disease, having the early signs.

Diabetes Foot Risk Factors

Naturally, there is a list of reasons that may influence the person’s chances of diabetic legs and feet infection. Among the most primitive reasons is the footwear or simply speaking, the quality of the shoes worn. Shoes that poorly fit are the basic reason of diabetic foot problems appearance. It means that all possible preventive means should be considered. Various even smallest problems with feet such as blisters, sore and red spots, pain, flat feet and hammertoes are the signs to be conscious about.

Nerve damage is the next of the reasons. Poorly controlled long standing diabetes may easily cause the nerve damage of the feet. It is a peripheral neurology that is meant here. Nerve damage results in patient’s bad feeling of his / her feet. This, in its turn influences the inability to sense the real position of the feet and toes while moving, dancing, running or simply walking. Moreover, the person can barely sense the injuries, even the smallest ones, e.g. scrapes, blisters and cuts.

Poor blood circulation is the reason of diabetic foot. The reason is that poorly controlled diabetes influences arteries hardening acceleration. This results in arthrosclerosis, because the blood flows slower to the tissues which are injured. Moreover, any kind of trouble that happens with the foot directly influences the possibility of serious problem appearance. As the potential reasons for the diabetic foot occurrence are also infection and smoking. The first one deals with the ingrown toenails, which are to be handled exclusively with the help of medical foot specialists, and any fungal infection of either skin or toenail which leads to serious bacteria infections. The latter is claimed to block blood vessels in the legs and feet. Smoking is said to be one of the major reasons for legs amputations.

Diabetic Foot Symptoms

Among the possible symptoms that one is to conscious about are a constant pain that may signal about bruises, sprains and strains, redness and swelling. All of those enlisted are the signs of possible infection, inflammation and poor blood circulation. Moreover, local warmth, skin breakdowns, walking difficulty, fever and red streaking from the wound may witness the same as those symptoms mentioned. In all the cases, patient’s symptoms should be precisely noted down. Even the smallest injuries demand attention of the doctor for they can bring the most serious infections. Pain may signal about any kind of leg problem, specially the constant pain which is hardly believed to be normal.

The Cases for Examination

Any pain that the patient mentions needs medical evaluation that is a combination of patient’s precise history, specialist’s examination, laboratory tests and x-ray studies. By this, it is obligatory to call the physician in case of any foot problem deterioration.

However, diabetics should be attentive to their health and there is a list of requirements, specially designed for those who are caring about themselves:

  • It is obligatory daily to examine the feet in search of any possible trauma. Water-based moisturizer, which is used on the regular basis, can prevent cracking and dry skin appearance. Moreover, the quality of the worn socks is vital, for elastic socks are known for the blood circulation impairment.
  • It is necessary to have all the possible even the tiniest items removed otherwise one may bump the feet on or trip over, causing much trouble to the feet. No way to speak about good indoor and outdoor lights for it is clear.
  • Even the minor procedures with the feet, such a toenail trimming should be done in a good-lit room with the help of safety clipper, not a scissors.
  • Foot wear should be exclusively comfortable and protective for the feet. However, good shoes should fit the feet, not only be made of a proper quality material.
  • Trying not to smoke or eliminating the occasions of smoking, one may easily prevent any possible problems with the feet. Quitting will exclude blood vessels damage, so will minimize infection and amputation.
  • Regularly done exercises have positive impact on the bones and joints, improving blood circulation and stabilizing the level of one’s blood sugar.
  • Controlling the general state of health while checking the blood sugar, following a special diet, taking necessary medication, exercising, one may keep the diabetes under control.

So, diabetics should extremely attentive to all the details of their disease and never forget that there is a list of basic details that may influence diabetic foot development, such as age, duration of the disease, possible foot infections, blood circulation, etc. In order to lower the extremity of the problem, it is necessary to expertise specially educated doctors and nurses and to have an eye on the feet.

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